Gao, Ziyan; Zhang, Yixuan; Li, Xiaomei; Zhang, Xiangping; Chen, Xue; Du, Guoshuai; Hou, Fei; Gu, Baijun; Lun, Yingzhuo; Zhao, Yao; Zhao, Yingtao; Qu, Zhaoliang; Jin, Ke; Wang, Xiaolei; Chen, Yabin; Liu, Zhanwei; Huang, Houbing; Gao, Peng; Mostovoy, Maxim; Hong, Jiawang; Cheong, Sang-Wook; Wang, Xueyun Source: Science Advances, v 10, n 1, January 2024;


Randomly distributed topological defects created during the spontaneous symmetry breaking are the fingerprints to trace the evolution of symmetry, range of interaction, and order parameters in condensed matter systems. However, the effective mean to manipulate topological defects into ordered form is elusive due to the topological protection. Here, we establish a strategy to effectively align the topological domain networks in hexagonal manganites through a mechanical approach. It is found that the nanoindentation strain gives rise to a threefold Magnus-type force distribution, leading to a sixfold symmetric domain pattern by driving the vortex and antivortex in opposite directions. On the basis of this rationale, sizeable mono-chirality topological stripe is readily achieved by expanding the nanoindentation to scratch, directly transferring the randomly distributed topological defects into an ordered form. This discovery provides a mechanical strategy to manipulate topological protected domains not only on ferroelectrics but also on ferromagnets/antiferromagnets and ferroelastics.

? 2024 The Authors. (63 refs.)